As a result of significant debate, the present list of 53 peaks is widely recognized by the island's climbing community. There is no reason not to climb all of the sub-peaks in question if one so desires. Climbing Island 6000 is a personal goal for people seeking a challenge.
The first recorded ascent of any mountain on Vancouver Island was made in 1851 by James Hector, a Scottish geologist who surveyed the island for the British government. The peak now known as Hector's Mountain was then called "Old Gray," but it is estimated that it would have been visible from Hector's camp near what is now downtown Victoria. He named it for his boss, Sir James Hector, chief geologist with the British Admiralty.
Hector's report on his expedition became the basis for much subsequent exploration and survey work on the island. In addition to mapping out large portions of it, he also discovered gold near Yale River and built the first road across the island toward Nanaimo Landing (now part of town of Port Angeles). This road is considered one of the first highways in North America.
After Hector's death in 1855 at the young age of 44, little serious effort was made to explore the island until 1859 when George Dixon came to lead the school system for the colonial government.
All but two of these 100 mountains are in the South Island: Mount Ruapehu (Tahurangi Peak) and Mount Taranaki/Egmont (65th highest). The highest mountain outside the Southern Alps is Tapuae-o-Uenuku in the Kaikoura Ranges. It's only 995 metres high, but due to its location, it's considered the most topographically prominent mountain in New Zealand.
The North Island has three major ranges of mountains: the Taranaki, the Waikato and the King Country. They aren't as high or as rugged as their southern counterparts but they contain the majority of New Zealand's population centers.
In addition to these main islands, New Zealand is home to several smaller islands including Great Barrier Island, which is part of Auckland's Hauraki Gulf Islands; Little Barrier Island, which is part of Wellington's Port Nicholson Bay; and Antipodean Island, which is located in the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand.
New Zealand's tallest mountain is Mount Cook, with an elevation of 2228 meters above sea level. It's located in the Tasman Mountains on the south island. The country's lowest point is found in the Atacama Desert on South America's Pacific Coast at 0 meters below sea level. It's not actually a lake but a volcanic crater called a "pit."
New Zealand is a small country with big mountains!
1,137 There are 1,137 named mountains on the Hawaiian islands. Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa, Hualalai, Haleakala, Pu'u Kukui, Kaumu o Kaleihoohie, Kawaikini, Kamakou, Oloku'i, Ka'ala, Lana'ihale, Konahuanui, and Ha'upu are among the 13 peaks with at least 1,640 feet of topographical prominence. The other 14 include Oahu's North Shore Mountains, which have peaks over 1,000 feet high.
The most abundant mountain species is the alpine plant Gastrophyllum capitatum, which covers more than 20 percent of all the mountains of Hawaii. Other common plants include Coprosma repens (the flower bud of this plant is used to make leis), Daphne genkwa, D. gregaria, D. metcalfiana, D. odontolepis, and D. viscosa.
Mauna Kea is the highest peak of both the United States and the Western Hemisphere. At 13,796 feet, it is also the tallest mountain on Earth outside of Asia. The next highest peak is Mount Everest at 29,029 feet. Mauna Kea is located on the island of Hawaii about 25 miles from the city of Hilo.
People have been living on the islands for at least 700 years, but they were not discovered by Europeans until 1778. That year English explorers James Cook and George Vancouver passed by the islands on their way to and from Australia.