They are as distinct as the riders. Lances are typically 6 to 7 feet long. Many riders have their lances constructed to measure 6 feet 9 inches. The fact that so many were able to mount such a tall horse while carrying a spear this long is evidence that horses in medieval Europe were well-trained and respected animals.
When a knight rode out on a jousting tournament he went prepared with a lance of custom construction. The shaft of the lance would be made of strong, straight wood, usually ash or elm. The head of the lance was generally shaped like a spear point, but some were more barbed than others. A man-made fiber called tartar silk was used to weave the lance cloth, which was often colored red, white, or blue. A linen backing supplied rigidity to the lance.
A knight would adjust the length of his lance by cutting it down to appropriate size with a sword or ax. He might also tape it up with leather or paper for additional strength or weight near the base.
In battle, the jouster aimed his lance at a opposing knight and charged him at full speed. If the jouster's blow landed, the impact could break the lance into two or more pieces.
When altering an official course, the lance can be used to measure the height of the ring from the ground. This allows for adjustments to be made if necessary.
They are usually made of wood, but some metal lances have been used in battle. Lances are used in jousting, a combat sport that originated in Europe that continues today. Two knights approach each other at a slow walk or run while holding their spears upright beside them for balance. When they come close enough to strike with their heads, they drop to one knee and engage in swordplay. The jouster who survives wins the fight.
During the 11th century wars between France and England, French soldiers wore armor that included a corselet, which was a body protector that covered most of the torso. The English called this piece "the breastplate." Because French soldiers used lances instead of swords, they needed something to protect their chests from getting injured by the points of those weapons. So they created a device that was similar to our modern cot bed but only as high as a man's chest. The legs were attached to the top of the shield and the whole thing was painted black. These were known as "lances de défense" or simply "lances."
The lance allowed the knight to take use of his riding posture, retaining his distance from his opponent while dealing a devastating blow. The Medieval lance was composed of wood and had a metal point at the end. The medieval lance ranged in length from 9 to 14 feet. A shorter version called a halberd was used by soldiers who could not afford a lance.
Lances were most often used in combat, but they also found use as ceremonial weapons, such as when knights would wear them during jousting competitions. Lancers were important to armies in Europe and Asia because they could reach high up on a horse's back, where an arrow or spear might otherwise trouble a soldier. They could also strike with the side of their lance, which could cause more damage than a straight hit from the tip.
In addition to soldiers, lancers were used by police officers, marshals, and others who needed to be able to reach a great height. In 18th-century France, for example, riders used lances instead of horses' reins when conducting raids into enemy territory. The lancer was also used in ceremonies to mark official occasions such as births/christenings/weddings/funerals.
During the 11th century, lancers began to appear in Asia. By the 13th century, they were used by all three branches of the imperial Japanese army.
A lance was a long wooden spear with a tip made of sharp metal. When knights battled, they would charge at each other from as far away as possible on their horses. They would use their lances to try to pierce each other or knock each other to the ground. Knights usually wore heavy armor so that they could take a lot of damage before being hurt themselves.
Lances were used in many battles but they weren't the first weapon used in wars. Long before lances were invented, people fought using swords, spears, and arrows. However, because you needed good training and skill with a sword or spear to be able to fight effectively, only soldiers who were rich enough to pay for martial arts schools could use them. This means that most people had to rely on their armor and their weapons were only useful against the armored body parts of your opponent.
During the 11th century, the development of gunpowder led to the creation of guns. These were also wooden objects shaped like a spear with a hole in the end through which a ball of powder was pushed. They were very dangerous because if they went off behind your back you could be sure that someone would come after you with a knife or something else sharp.
In 1415, black powder was introduced into Europe by Chinese traders. It wasn't until much later that Europeans learned how to make their own gunpowder.
Lances were often employed by men at arms fighting on foot in the 14th and 15th centuries, both in massed formations and single combat. When armies battled, men-at-arms on foot made slightly different choices, and frequently utilized the identical lances that mounted soldiers used, with no changes.
In battle, men-at-arms fought on foot to protect themselves from injury and death at the hands of powerful horses. Foot soldiers also enjoyed some advantages over riders. They could move more quickly, especially if they were armed with a pike or halberd. A man-at-arms could be killed by a single blow from a sword, axe, or mace; a foot soldier would usually be killed by several deep wounds from multiple weapons or axes. However, men-at-arms were trained to fight on horseback so they could keep up with the rapidly moving lines of battle.
During the early stages of war, when armies still had time to arrange themselves into formal ranks, they did so across open ground. Men-at-arms on foot carried small wooden shields called sallets to protect themselves from enemy blows. They also wore armor for protection, although this was rarely worn during the first stages of war when armies were forming up. As battles became more intense, men-at-arms advanced into close-quarter fighting on one another's heels. In these situations, they discarded their shields and carried heavy spears called lances.
When a lancer is immobile, the lance becomes just another spear. It's a solid weapon, a reach extender that can still damage, but it's not near as effective as it is in charge. In addition, multiple footmen can fit around your horse. So, don't become too involved. You're more of a distraction than anything else.
The lance is primarily used for thrusting. However, due to its length, it can also be used to bash opponents with. This is especially useful when trying to keep enemies at a distance.
Thrusting with the lance is easy. Just pull back on the shaft to push away your opponent. Then, drive the point forward into their body. The farther you stick the point, the more damage you do. Be careful not to go too far or you'll hurt yourself or your horse instead.
Bashing with the lance is a little harder. First, find the right spot to hit. Make sure that there are no people nearby so that you don't end up stabbing one of them in error. After that, just pull the lance back and let it fly.
That's it! A well-thrown lance can easily deal out 20-50 points of damage. That's enough to kill a man quickly or maim him seriously.