Most softball hitters, like high school baseball players, have very modest bat speeds, often ranging between 50 and 60 mph. Young women generally rely only on their upper bodies to create bat speed, limiting their ability to hit for power. As they get more experienced, they begin to learn how to control the ball with their arms and body, which gives them a greater chance of hitting home runs.
The average time it takes a batter to hit a softball is about 0.8 seconds. Longer times are possible but unlikely. A slow-hit ball is one that travels less than 40 feet (12 m) per second - about 6 miles an hour (10 kph). Balls that travel faster than this cannot be caught by normal people! Batsters can improve their chances of hitting balls out of the park by learning how to swing at good pitches. This means they must be able to see the ball clearly; otherwise, they will not be able to tell when it is thrown accurately toward the target area on the field.
Softball fields vary in size from small backyard diamonds to large stadiums. The larger the field, the more likely it is that a ball will reach the fence in some part of the field. If a batter fails to cover the distance in six seconds, then there is no rule that requires the ball to be returned to the pitcher.
The test methodology asks the athlete to hit five line drives into a net with their game bat off a batting tee. The bat speed is measured in miles per hour. High school softball bat speeds average around 55 mph, whereas NCAA softball bat speeds average around 70 mph. A higher number means better bat speed.
The best way to improve your softball swing is by practice. Practice makes perfect! Work on your footwork, body position, and balance as well as your swing. You should also keep track of how many times you get on base per game so you can improve on that aspect of your play as well.
The more explosive your lower body is, the faster you will be able to load and release the ball during the swing. This will result in harder hits and improved batting statistics.
The most common mistake made by hitters is trying to use too much muscle when hitting. Hitting requires finesse rather than power, so do not try to hack away at the ball. Instead, use solid mechanics and stay through the zone until the end of your swing. This will allow you to make consistent contact with the ball.
Softball is a game of adjustments. As pitchers change their arm angles, locations, and speeds, so must the batter adjust her approach at the plate. This is why it is important to have a good batting eye.
A radar gun is used to assess batted ball velocity. The emphasis is on increasing bat speed and producing batted-ball velocity that is equivalent to or greater than bat speed. The average batted-ball velocity for high school softball is around 55 mph, whereas NCAA softball is at 70 mph. Bats used by college players are usually wood, while those used by high school players are typically aluminum.
High school players generally cover less distance per hour than college players because they have more practice sessions per week. However, high school players tend to possess better footwork and swing techniques than their collegiate counterparts. In addition, high school players get more time to recover between pitches.
Determining how fast high school players run requires some research. No one has accurately measured the speed of high school athletes before now because no one has had the opportunity to do so. The best estimate of the speed of high school players comes from comparing them to another fast moving object: baseballs. Research shows that high school players can reach speeds up to 7 miles per hour (11 km/hr), which is faster than any base runner can possibly go out there. That's why coaches don't want you to run when you hit a ball; they want you to stay in the box where it's safer than running down the line.
College players usually cover more distance per hour because they have less practice sessions per week.
Although both fastpitch and slowpitch are softball variations, pitching speed has a considerable impact on the game. A slowpitch bat is intended to hit a ball traveling at around 25 mph. Fastpitch bats are meant to strike balls that are traveling at high speeds. These are usually between 90 and 100 mph.
The difference in pitch speed allows pitchers more time to work with their sliders and curvesballs. This makes slowpitch baseball more of a batting practice session for hitters than a game played in an hour or two.
In addition to having different speeds, fastpitch balls have different shapes. The most common variety is the frisbee, which travels straight ahead after leaving the pitcher's hand. It can be any color, but the typical red-black-white color combination is most common. There are also blue and yellow balls used in some leagues. Sliders and other breaking pitches come in many different colors, but usually not black or white.
Slowpitch balls are usually less aerodynamic and more dense than fastpitch balls, which helps them remain in play longer. This also means they're harder to hit - even with a slowpitch bat. Strikes are called when a ball is put into play using any kind of weapon other than a bat. Balls that are caught by a fielder are credited with a base on balls.
Softball is not just a speedier game, but hitting is also more difficult. So, a 70-mph fastball on a softball field offers you around 55% less time to decide than a 100-mph fastball on a baseball field. A baseball has an advantage because it's heavier and thus travels further.
Overall, the difference in speed between the two sports' balls is so small that it doesn't affect how players position themselves at the plate. In fact, research shows that major league hitters perform better when the ball is thrown slower by a few miles per hour.
The type of turf will also affect how fast the ball travels. If the grass is thick and high, then the ball will travel farther down the field before it hits the ground. This is called "golfing" the ball and it slows the pitch down.
Thicker leather also produces a ball that travels slower. Modern balls are made from cowhide, which is thin enough that it does not affect distance significantly. But if you try to hit a ball with the thickness of a chest protector out there now, you will be disappointed with the result!
Finally, weight plays a role too. The softer the ball, the faster it will go. Balls used in little league and younger tournaments are usually 1-5 ounces while those used in professional games can weigh 20-30 ounces or more.