Adult males have larger total muscular mass and less body fat than females, even in trained samples. Male athletes have body fat levels ranging from 4% to 12%, while female athletes have levels ranging from 12% to 23%. Males and girls clearly differ in key physical traits that impact athletic performance. For example, on average, men are taller and heavier than women.
Gender affects athletic performance by determining how people use their muscles during exercise. Men tend to use more of their muscle fibers than women, which helps them produce more powerful movements. Some examples of muscle fiber types are slow-twitch fibers, which are useful for endurance activities such as running, and fast-twitch fibers, which are good for activities that require quick movement such as tennis or soccer. A man who is stronger than a woman of the same age and fitness level will be able to use his muscle fibers at a higher percentage than she can, which will allow him to perform better exercises. For example, one study found that male athletes used more muscle fibers than female athletes during cycling exercises.
There are several factors other than strength that may influence an athlete's performance, including experience, motivation, and health. However, evidence suggests that strength differences between men and women play a role in explaining why they score differently on field tests of agility, speed, and coordination.
Let's get right to it. Men are heavier and have more muscular mass than women; men have 40–60% better upper-body strength and 25–30% greater lower-body strength. When it comes to endurance sports, women frequently outperform males. Men tend to die younger than women, with death typically resulting from heart disease or cancer.
The most popular sport among men is probably football (or soccer). Women's inroads into this sport came after the 1970s when female players began to be allowed into all-male leagues. Today, there are many leagues for girls and women of all ages and skill levels. In addition, women play on most college campuses and in high school gym classes everywhere.
Males are also very active in sports that don't involve physical contact like tennis, golf, and swimming. Males are also found in team sports like football and baseball. Females are less likely to play these types of sports.
Finally, males are more likely to participate in individual sports like boxing and wrestling.
Overall, men are physically stronger than women, but women are more flexible and agile than men. This means they can play some sports that require strength or muscle tone such as volleyball or basketball, while males would not be able to match these traits.
Male athletes have a larger muscle mass-to-body weight ratio, which allows for faster acceleration and speed. This explains why female speed records in running and swimming are routinely 10% slower than men's, and why women have two-thirds the strength of males on average. Weight also plays a role in wrestling, where males weigh about 15% more than females, so they are expected to be stronger. In addition, during puberty female athletes tend to lose bone density due to their smaller frame sizes, which can further decrease their maximum lifting weights.
The most obvious difference between male and female athletes is size. The typical male athlete is much bigger than the female athlete - around 20% heavier - which gives him an advantage in terms of weight class. This is particularly true in sports such as football, basketball, and baseball where power is needed to hit, throw, or catch a ball.
Additionally, males have more muscle fibers than females. There are only so many available positions on a volleyball court or field, so most teams need players of several different types of muscles to fill out their rosters. Larger muscles require more muscle fibers to sustain a strong contraction, so it makes sense that males would have more muscle fiber diversity. However, when it comes to pure speed, research has shown that there is no difference between the number of muscle fibers males and females have. It appears that size does play a role in maximum speed though.
In general, these disparities provide males a competitive advantage in sports that prize absolute strength, acceleration, and speed. However, these distinctions are frequently exaggerated, and in some circumstances, female athletes have an edge over male competitors due to physiological differences. For example, men tend to be bigger and stronger than women, so they can compete equally well in sports that rely primarily on muscle mass such as weight lifting.
In other words, there are biological reasons why men and women differ physically. The main reason for these differences is that during fetal development the sexes grow at different rates and possess different degrees of skeletal maturity when born. This leads to them being exposed to different levels of stress during growth which in turn affects their immune systems and how their bones develop.
The differences in body composition between men and women also play a role in determining their optimal sport. For example, men are generally larger and stronger than women, so they can compete equally well in sports that rely primarily on muscle mass such as weight lifting. However, since women have more fat tissue and less bone mass relative to their size, they tend to do better in sports that require fast running or jumping because these actions use more bone than muscle.
Finally, behavioral factors also influence how individuals choose sports.
Female athletes are more open to teaching and new ways of doing things than male athletes. They are open to trying new tactics, particularly if they believe it would help them perform better. Males: Male athletes are frequently more confident (and often misled) of their own abilities, making them less coachable. Also, since males tend to be more competitive, they do not want to be beaten by someone else (or something) else. Lastly, males sometimes feel like women are being given an unfair advantage over them.
There is no difference between the way men's and women's sports are coached. Both sexes need positive encouragement to reach their potential. However, because females are more likely to accept guidance, coaches should take time to show interest in their athletes' lives outside of sport. This could mean asking about their families or friends, or simply taking time to talk.
Males usually respond better to discipline than females. Therefore, if you want your male athlete to listen to you, he needs to understand that disobeying you will not be tolerated. Females need to understand that discipline is necessary for success in athletics. Without it, they might as well give up now rather than later.
The only difference between how men's and women's sports are coached is that males are generally more disciplined than females. Otherwise, they require the same type of coaching to succeed at their sport.