According to some reports, the hole size became standardized when golf authorities began producing the hole with a common drainage pipe. The pipe's diameter was 4 1/4 inches. However, there is evidence that officials at the Royal Musselburgh Golf Club in Scotland devised the first known hole-cutter or hole-maker in 1829. This device had a blade that was 3/4 inch in diameter.
The first official course in the United States was built in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1750. It was called the New London Course and was designed by George Washington.
The first official course in Canada was built in Montreal, Quebec, in 1763. It too was designed by George Washington. This course was also called the New London Course and was used for many years after the American Revolution as a place where young gentlemen could improve their games.
The first official course in England was built at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1657. This course remains the world's oldest continually played golf course. Today, St. Andrews is known worldwide as the home of golf.
The first official course in Australia was built near Melbourne, Victoria, in 1855. This course too was called the New London Course and was used as a public course until it was abandoned during World War II. After the war, it reopened with no holes missing.
A cup is also not required. The standard hole size is thought to have been devised in 1829 at the Royal Musselburgh Golf Club in Scotland when they invented the first known hole-cutter, which generated a 4.25 inch hole and was based on the normal Musselburgh drainage pipe at the time. In 1891, the R & A adopted that standard width. Since then, the term has come to denote any hole cut in the turf for any purpose.
The original purpose of this type of hole was to allow water to drain away from the fairway so that it did not cause problems for players who might be walking down the line. As you can imagine, with no grass in the middle of the fairway, people would be sure to track dirt into the hole, causing problems for future players.
In modern times, the term "cup" has come to mean any kind of hole used for various purposes by golfers. For example, a golfer may use his or her driver to create a large cavity in order to hit certain types of shots (such as an approach shot), or perhaps stop some water from flowing onto the green.
The definition of a cup varies from person to person. However, most experts agree that a cup needs to be at least 1.5 inches wide in order to be considered such. Some sources say there should be 3/4 inch soil covering the base of the hole, while others claim only 1/8 inch is needed.
The Royal Musselburgh Golf Club created the first known hole-cutter in 1829, which accounts for the exact diameter. It is still in existence and on exhibit at the club, and has become the recognized practice at clubs in the heartland of golf, Scotland. The original hole was 66 yards in length.
The reason for cutting the holes this way is because it allowed people to see how far they were hitting their balls from the fairway, thus allowing them to make any necessary adjustments before taking their next shot. Holes today are usually between 150 and 200 yards in length, although some courses extend back to 250 yards or more.
In modern times, larger balls have been used, which require larger holes to be useful. Until the early 20th century, players used balls around the same size as today's (7 inches in diameter), but after that time, balls became bigger (up to 10 inches in 2004). Larger balls fly further and carry more spin, so they are preferred by more skilled players.
Fairways are areas of grass between holes where players can take a break, have a snack, etc. They're also the location of many hazards, such as trees, bushes, and sand traps. The fairest thing for players to do is not walk into these obstacles with no idea what's behind them!
However, the size of the hole, or cup, varied from course to course. When golf became popular in the late 15th century, there was no defined size for the hole, hence the size varied from course to course. The size would frequently vary from hole to hole. Sometimes one hole might be quite large while another might be only slightly larger than a sand trap.
The width of the fairway also varied depending on where you were playing. If you were at a country club, the fairway probably was wider and contained some trees, whereas if you were at a private course it might be narrower and without any shelter from the sun or rain.
Even within the same course different parts of the park or property could have different requirements for the size of the hole. For example, one area of the park might be suitable for shallow holes while another might need holes that go farther into the ground.
In conclusion, yes the size of the hole always depends on the course but it can vary greatly depending on the location and type of course.