When the batter-runner fails to reach first base safely, no run can be scored. The run does not score if a base runner on third crosses the plate with two outs before the batter-runner is put out on a ground out or a fly out. If the ball hits someone other than the batter-runner and any of his runners, they are considered eligible; for example, if the ball hits a runner while he is going down toward first base in an attempt to advance him across the line. If this causes the runner who was advanced over to reach first base before the batter-runner reaches it, then the batter-runner is eliminated from further play and no run can be scored by either team. This applies even if the batter-runner is forced out by the throw to the plate.
If the ball hits a runner while he is going up towards home plate, they are not considered eligible; for example, if the ball hits a runner while he is running towards second base in an attempt to beat out a double play.
No, this run does not result in a score. A run cannot score on a play in which the batter-runner makes the third out before reaching first, and the run does not count since the batter-runner was thrown out at first on the dropped third strike.
Essentially, the run is only recorded if all of the runners were initially "safe." That instance, a hitter advanced to first base (safe) as the runner on third scored, and then the batter was tagged out attempting to advance to second base. For the second out, a fly ball was recorded. There was no one out and two runs scored when the pitch was made.
A run can also be recorded when an error occurs at any point during the course of a game. For example, if a player is caught stealing and is immediately thrown out by a pitcher, this would be considered an error on defense that allows the baserunner to reach first base. If this happens during a players strikeout, it does not score a run because there are no players on base.
Finally, a run can be scored when a base is stolen even if the catcher catches the ball before tagging the baserunner. This can happen when a batter takes too long to step off the plate or when a runner breaks for home while the ball is still in the catcher's mitt. In this case, the base is stolen even though the catcher has possession of the ball.
These are the five instances in which a run will be scored in American baseball.
If the runner from second is tagged before the runner from third scores, it is the third out of the inning, and the run does not score. The run counts if the tag is made after the runner has scored. If you try to stop the runner from scoring a run by tagging him, he will keep running until he reaches a safe spot; for example, if there is no player at first base, he will keep running until he gets there. If while trying to stop the runner you tag another player, that run does not count.
In baseball, the dropped third strike rule applies when a batter strikes out but the catcher fails to catch the pitch in the air. When a third strike strikes the ground, the batter is permitted to advance to first base. If the batter safely advances to first base, the defense receives no out. If not, the batter is awarded a base on balls.
The rule was introduced in 1869 to reduce the effectiveness of pitchers' duels. Until then, runners were often forced into fair territory because their opponents were willing to accept risk in order to win games. But under the new rules, teams could substitute speed for strength by having their batters wear padded mitts while still allowing them to hit rock-hard pitches.
Because they are free if the catcher doesn't take advantage of the opportunity, dropped third strikes often result in walks. However, if the catcher does pick up the ball and throw out the baserunner, there will be no award due to the runner being caught off guard.
This rule is rarely used today because managers do not want to put their players at risk of injury by issuing such aggressive challenges. It is more common during World War II and the early years of baseball's modern era (since about 1890).
An example occurred in the eighth inning of an August 9, 1869 game between the New York Metropolitans and the Chicago White Stockings.