In most circumstances, a hitter is given an RBI when his plate appearance results in a run being scored. A bases-loaded walk or a hit by pitch, on the other hand, earns a player an RBI. If a batter hits into what should be an out at any point during his trip to the plate, he becomes a runner who can advance one base if his team controls the ball. If the batter reaches first safely, then he has earned an RBI.
Starting with the 2014 season, any batter who reaches first base on a hit by pitch is automatically awarded an RBI regardless of whether the pitcher follows him to second base or not. Previously, this did not happen unless the pitcher went all the way to third base or farther.
When a batter reaches first on a hit by pitch and stays there, the batter is said to have "robbed" a base. This term comes from old baseball rules where players could only go 90 feet when at bat, and they would often use this opportunity to steal home or try to score from first base.
A player does not earn an RBI if he hits into a double play and a run scores, if a run is scored on a wild pitch or passed ball, as a consequence of an error, or if the pitcher balks. If a player is walked or hit by a pitch with the bases loaded, he receives an RBI. Otherwise, he would not have been able to score.
The term "RBI" comes from the fact that it was once possible to reach base safely by hitting for sacrifice. An RSB (Run Scored Base) was worth three runs, and an RBI was worth four. Today, this number has been reduced to two because it's not necessary anymore for a runner to reach base to cause damage. A walk is still worth its current value of one run even though it used to be worth three when there were more people on base. A hit by pitch is worth zero runs but can result in a loss if the hitter strikes out or gets caught stealing. A double play that ends the inning also ends the game because there are no more outs left; thus, it is equivalent to an automatic win for your opponent.
When a batter hits into a double play without scoring any runs, it is called an EDP (Empty-Dished Double). This happens very often during times when the defense makes errors but the batters do not come around to bat.
A player does not get an RBI when a run scored as a consequence of an error or a ground into double play. RBIs are most commonly seen as run-scoring hits. An error may also result in a player getting an RBI if he hits a ball that is thrown out at first base.
In baseball, an error occurs when a fielder misses a catchable ball put into his territory by a batter. Errors can be made by any member of the defensive team but are usually committed by outfielders or infielders who have failed to make a good throw or break up a double play attempt. Errors cause runners to advance one base each unless the error is corrected before the next player comes to bat. If an error cannot be corrected in time, then the batter gets an automatic second chance through the use of the force play.
The force out situation arises when a runner is forced out at third base on a play at the plate. If the catcher fails to tag him out, then either the batter or another runner will score. If the catcher makes the proper tag, however, the umpire signals that there was no out and orders the batter or another runner to take second base.
The coach's response: For example, if a baserunner steals home, some coaches would award the RBI to the hitter if he gets a base hit. That is NOT the case. The right answer is that no one is given credit for a run batted in. A run batted in occurs when a player scores himself or herself while running the bases. This can only happen if you reach first base safely.
When a pitcher walks a batter with the bases loaded, all of the players on base advance to the next base, with the batter taking first and the man on third advancing to home plate to score a run. The hitter receives an RBI. If there are no outs, then the pitcher can be replaced by a pinch-hitter or a coach.
Generally, it is not good strategy for a pitcher to give up runs on balls in play (BIP) while walking people. A pitcher's goal is to get as many batters out as possible while keeping the ball in the park. When a BIP gets hit, it can travel; when a pitcher allows runners to reach base via walk, hit, or error, they are giving their opponent a chance to score.
However, there are times when a pitcher may want to allow a run to score in order to protect an advantage in another area of the game. For example, if the pitcher has men on second and third and no one is out, he or she could let a batter hit into a double play rather than face a potential inning-ending forceout at the plate. Or, if the pitcher has two men on and one out and is about to enter his pitch count, he might choose to allow a base runner to cross the plate instead of giving up a hit that would require him to leave the game.