Athletics Since the 2000s, track and field competitors have worn their names as well as their numbers on their bibs at major tournaments. In racewalking competitions, athletes must additionally wear a number on their back to allow judges to identify them if a violation is discovered. Numbers are usually yellow for men and blue for women.
In athletics, there are two main types of races: team events and individual events. In team events, each member of the winning squad receives a point total based on how many places they finished. The team with the highest total of points wins. In individual events, all participants run one after another until only one person remains. That person is the winner.
Track and field includes running, jumping, throwing, and cycling events. Race walking is a separate event that involves only walking distance. Athletes can compete individually or as a part of a team. There are three types of track events: sprinting, middle-distance, and distance racing. Sprints last between 200 meters and 1 kilometer; mid-range events cover distances from 1 kilometer to 2 miles; and distances over 2 miles make up the longest race categories.
A competition number is used in numerous sports to identify and distinguish the participants taking part in a competitive endeavor. Runners in a race, for example, may wear a visible competition number so that they can be recognised from a distance. Bib numbers are required at such high-profile events. Numbers are also used as identification tags for medical purposes and as aid to police in tracking down criminals.
Marathon running was originally designed as a military exercise, and numbers were first used by the British when they started counting their soldiers. Even though this tradition has been abandoned, numbers have remained a standard feature on all marathon T-shirts since those first races were held over 150 years ago.
In modern times, numbers are assigned in a sequence starting with 1a. The first numbered race was held in London in 1877, and the winner received the prize money bib number. From then on, these numbers have been worn in all subsequent runs of the race.
Number assignments are done by local organizers, but often include friends and family members of the runner. If you're planning on running in a national or international event, it's best to check how they assign numbers. In some cases, especially with small fields, there might not be enough numbers left for everyone who wants to participate. If this is the case, then runers will be chosen through various methods, such as random selection or by ranking entries.
When competing in a 5K marathon or race, the runner's identity is simply indicated by the number of running bibs they wear. The larger and more recognized the racing bibs, the clearer it is for people viewing the race course. Numbers go up to six for women and eight for men.
Bibs are numbered from 1 to 6 for women and from 7 to 8 for men. Each competitor is given a bib number at check-in for the race. This number remains with that person throughout the race.
The term "number" when referring to a runner's bib comes from the fact that these individuals are assigned such numbers at registration. Numbering begins at 1 for women and at 7 for men. When a woman reaches age 40, she is considered "old" for women's racing and is permitted only one bib number over 7. Men can have multiple bib numbers as long as they do not exceed 8. If a man gets injured and cannot continue, a teammate can take his place provided they wear a different color belt.
Numbering continues until the female reaches age 42 and the male has used up all his available spots. At this point, any remaining bib numbers are removed and placed at the back of the waiting list.
Celtic's practice of wearing numbers on their shorts rather than the backs of their shirts was discontinued following an incident in which the wrong player was booked by a referee who said he was perplexed by the lack of shirt numbers (and evidently had not noticed the crucial items were plainly visible on the shorts). The mistake was discovered after the fact, but it still cost the Celtic player his spot on the field.
Now, all modern athletes (including those from other countries with similar football traditions such as England and Australia) wear names or numbers on their clothes to identify them. This is especially important when several people are playing together or when you want to ensure that someone doesn't get hurt by being exposed to the ball.
In conclusion, number-wear is common among professional athletes because it provides information about their position on the field and makes playing together easier. There are many different ways to identify players, but numbers are probably the most obvious and therefore the most commonly used.
Players have always had the option of choosing their own numbers for personal reasons or accepting a number provided to them by the team. There have always been exceptional cases. Bill Voiselle wore #96 in the 1940s to represent his hometown of Ninety Six, South Carolina. His family and friends came up with the money needed to have numbers made for him in case other teams did not want him.
In modern football, players often choose their own numbers. The most common reason for doing this is that they feel like it gives them an advantage by allowing them to be identified by others as "one of the players." It also allows them to display their personality through their jersey numbers. Some famous players who has had success because of their creative names or numbers include Derrick Rose (35), Lebron James (number down on his feet), Michael Jordan (23), Larry Bird (20), and Scottie Pippen (42).
Some coaches may give players numbers for reasons such as security or ability to identify players. This is particularly common with goalkeepers where two players share one number on the back of their shirt. A classic example is the case of Gordon Banks and Peter Shilton where both men were given the number 1 by their coach John Beckham.
Finally, some numbers are reserved for specific positions in football. For example, there are only eight slots available for linebackers at any given time throughout the NFL season.
Bib numbers are made of Tyvek (r), a durable, plastic-like paper product, and are meant to be fastened onto a t-shirt or racing vest while moving with the participants' bodies. These numbers may be customized to include an event name, a logo for the event, or a logo for a sponsor. A participant's bib number is used by race officials to identify each person individually in case of confusion over orders of finish.
The first modern marathon was held in Athens in 1876. The Boston Marathon, in Boston, Massachusetts, is the oldest annual marathon in the world. It has been held annually since 1897 except for World War I and II.
In 1900, the men's course record was broken three times in one day: by John McDuff, then at 4 hours 3 minutes and 45 seconds; then by Charles P. Curtis at 4 hours 11 minutes and 15 seconds; finally by Steve Fosburgh at 4 hours 12 minutes and 30 seconds. This last time still stands as the current men's record.
The women's record was set in 1972 by Sylvia Marrow who ran 2:49:44. In 1973, this record was broken by Paula Radcliffe who ran 2:22:57. Today, this time remains the current women's record.
As of 2017, there have been more than 100 million participants in running events worldwide.