After the franchise suspended operating in 1903, Frank Farrell and Bill Devery acquired it and relocated it to New York City, dubbing the team the New York Highlanders. In 1913, the Highlanders were renamed the New York Yankees.
In 1913, the Highlanders were renamed the New York Yankees.
|New York Yankees|
|American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present)|
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1913 Because the club was in the American League, local sportswriters frequently referred to them as "Yankees" or "Yanks." The moniker Highlanders fell out of favor after the club relocated to the Polo Grounds in 1913, and the team was officially dubbed the Yankees. However, fans continued to call them Highlanders until sometime after World War II.
1914 Through 1954 From the beginning, the New York Yankees were considered one of the top baseball teams in America. During this time, the Yankees won five American League (AL) pennants and four World Series titles. In 1957, the Yankees moved to their current home stadium, which became known as Yankee Stadium. Although they had many great players, no single player dominated the Yankees during this period like Babe Ruth did with the Boston Red Sox. From 1914 to 1953, the Yankees played in New York City at various stadiums including the Polo Grounds, Ebbets Field, and Griffith Stadium. In 1954, the club moved into Yankee Stadium, which at the time was called New York's newest major league ballpark. The first game played in the new stadium was on April 17 against the Brooklyn Dodgers. It took several years for the stadium to be fully developed, but when it opened, it was a success with 40,000 fans attending its opening day game against the Chicago White Sox.
The name Highlanders was never popular with fans, who preferred the Yankees' patriotic iconography, which harkened back to the Yankee Doodle days of the American Revolution. It should be recalled that this occurred less than 40 years after the Civil War ended. The name Highlanders is a derivation of the Scottish term highland warrior.
The first baseball team from New York City was not named either Boston Red Sox or New York Yankees, but rather Hudson River Feudalists. Founded in 1869, they played their home games at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey. The team's name and royalist allegiance had nothing do with each other; they were just two things that people hated at the time. The team was also known as the St. Louis Grays and the Gotham Rogues. In 1870, they changed their name to first National League team from New York City: the Brooklyn Atlantics.
After one season, the Atlantics disbanded. In 1871, a new New York City team was formed and they used parts from both the Atlantics and the Hudson River Feudalists to create a new team. This new team was called the New York Mutuals and they played in Union Park in Harlem until they moved to Columbia Park in Manhattan in 1872. That same year, the Mutuals merged with another team from New York City to form the New York Nationals.
The faltering Baltimore club was purchased in 1903 by Frank Farrell and Bill Devery and relocated to New York, first to Hilltop Park (1903–12), one of Manhattan's highest points, giving rise to the moniker New York Highlanders. After two more seasons at Hilltop Park, they moved on to be replaced by another new team named after themselves.
So the Yankees were born. They played their first season in New York City at Columbia University's Baker Field.
Before 1903, there were two other New York baseball teams: the National League's New York Giants and the American Association's New York Metropolitans. Neither survived the year out of business. The Giants had a good run from 1883 to 1890, but then fell on hard times and were forced to move to San Francisco. The Metropolitans were a minor league team that never managed to earn a spot in the major leagues.
So in 1903, the only true major league in New York was called the New York Baseball Club or simply the New York Yankees. This story would not be exclusive to New York, as there were several other teams playing in other cities that could claim the title "New York Yankees". Such as the team that played in New York between 1902 and 1903 or the one that played from 1936 to 1957. Or even the current version, which did not come into existence until 1961.