Many hunters use a 20-gauge to shoot deer and other large animals, but I'd recommend a 12-gauge over a 20-gauge. The 12-gauge shotgun is the most flexible hunting weapon available since it is great for large game and can perform small game jobs with ease. A 20-gauge is better for smaller game such as rabbits and pheasants.
A 20-gauge is best used for larger game because it has more punch and will destroy prey that are much heavier than your average rabbit. However, if you're looking to spend less money but still get the job done, a 20-gauge is perfect since it's not meant to be a show-off gun but rather a functional tool for hunting practice and food.
A 12-gauge is the most versatile gun you can buy since it can be used for all sizes of game from small rodents to large mammals. This gun is also very affordable so you won't have to break the bank to purchase one. If you're interested in shooting deer with a shotgun then I would recommend getting a 12-gauge since it will provide you with the most options.
Shooting deer with a shotgun is different than shooting other game due to the length of the shot.
For deer, use 12-gauge or bigger. 16-gauge shotguns can accomplish the job, and 20-gauge shotguns are easier for smaller hunters, but during shotgun season, practically every deer hunter is carrying a 12-gauge shotgun, and some will go even larger with a 10-gauge. Deer tend to be more wary of humans, which means they're likely to run away from a gun that makes too much noise or display other signs of being dangerous. But if you know how to track your prey and pick your shots, you should be able to kill it with a 20-gauge.
The majority of deer shot with 20-gauge shells are females between 300 and 500 pounds and males around 1,000 pounds. They don't usually exceed 2,000 pounds and most are less than 1,500. The biggest factor in successful hunting with a 20-gauge is knowing your habitat and finding areas where large animals are likely to roam. For example, if you live in an area where corn is grown, then hunting over crops would be ideal because deer like to eat the seeds while avoiding the plants' poisonous leaves and stems. And since 20-gauge shells are sold as practice rounds, it's important to use them wisely. You shouldn't just fire them into the ground or dump a box full of them at once; instead, be sure to shoot them individually so you don't injure someone else.
Deer and bear shotguns must be 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge, or 20 gauge and discharge slugs or # 1 or bigger buckshot. Slugs can be used to hunt elk, goats, sheep, and moose using 10-gauge and 12-gauge shotguns.
You can also use slugs for hunting waterfowl if you have a 20-gauge gun. Only get slugs from your gun dealer or online retailer who sells ammunition for the type of weapon you are buying. Make sure they are not labeled "stumpers" or "buck shot." That means they will not go through the body of the animal and may not cause much damage if you hit something other than the target species.
The best way to learn how to shoot is by taking lessons from an experienced shooter. The more experience you have, the better you'll be able to control your weapon. And remember: slow and smooth moves make for fast and accurate shooting.
So, yes, you can hunt deer with a 12 gauge shotgun. Just make sure you get proper instruction on how to handle the weapon before you go out into the field. And don't forget those protective items mentioned earlier!
It is typically used to hunt birds such as geese and ducks. Although it is available, your selections will be restricted to shotguns and ammo. 12 Gauge— In the United States, 12 gauge shotguns account for almost half of all sales. The majority of these are pump-action models that can hold five or more shells. They're effective at killing large animals such as deer, but due to their size, may be difficult to use in close quarters.
Six Gun - also called six shooter or sixgun - is a term used to describe any one of several single-shot firearms, generally speaking from the late 19th century through the early 20th century. The name comes from the fact that these guns had six barrels instead of the usual two or four. Most often they were drawn from a case with each draw firing the gun. Today, the term "six gun" usually refers to a revolver style firearm that shoots six rounds per pull of the trigger.
Sawed-Off Shotgun - A sawed-off shotgun has had its barrel shortened without permission from the manufacturer. This lowers the muzzle velocity and thus the power of the weapon. Sawed-off shotguns are illegal for private sale or ownership in many states and countries. Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, and Wisconsin prohibit the possession of sawed-off shotguns.
A peek at the gun rack at the usual deer camp reveals that 12-gauge slugs dominate the hunting community, yet 20-gauge slugs are a better choice in many respects. The smaller diameter of the 20-gauge slug compensates for the lesser powder charge, thus the 20s and 12s perform similarly on game. The larger surface area means more contact with blood vessels, which is important since most deer attacks come from behind. The 20-gauge shell also carries more weight than the 12-gauge shell, so more force is applied to the projectile.
When choosing between the two types of shells, consider how much you plan to shoot per day. If you're only going after one or two does a day, then it's not worth it to spend the extra money on 20-gauge ammunition. However, if you expect to be shooting several dozen shells a day, then it makes sense to buy the higher-capacity magazines and boxes of 20-gauge shells.
The price difference isn't that great. A box of 20 Gauge Slug Shot costs about $10 while a box of 12 Gauge Slug Shot costs around $5. However, the cost advantage shifts towards the 20-gauge when you start looking at high-capacity magazines. A 10-round magazine will carry 20 Gauge Shells for $45, but only has a capacity of 7 rounds for 12 Gauge Shells ($95 for a 10-round magazine).