The Derby is a Group 1 race available to three-year-old colts and fillies. Colts weigh 9 st, while fillies weigh 8 st 11 lb. The winner will be awarded £200,000 ($262,500). The race is held on Epsom Downs in Surrey. It has been called "the most prestigious horse race in Europe".
Epsom Derby winners are selected by opinion rather than performance because there is no entry fee for horses or riders. Thus the race is open to any horse capable of winning it, regardless of age or previous success. However, since 1866, only four females have been able to compete against male horses of similar age: Mayfly, Quayle, Viva Lady and Wonderly. None of these horses had previously won any major races.
In this era, the Derby is known as "the race that never was" because none of them managed to win. But all four did try their best and even though three of them were female, this fact hasn't stopped people from voting them into first place.
The most successful female jockey in the Derby is Linda Lee who has three victories out of five attempts. She was born in 1958 and lives in Northern California.
The Derby, on the other hand, is open to all qualifying colts, geldings, and fillies. While non-male horses can participate in the Kentucky Derby, they are an exception in the sport. Colts and geldings generally weigh 126 pounds, while fillies often weigh 121 pounds. The two races are also varied in length. The Derby is three miles (4.8 km) while the Oaks is 1 1/4 miles (2.4 km).
The term "derby winner" is used almost exclusively to describe the winner of the Kentucky Derby. However, there are other important races held throughout the year that merit consideration as well. For example, even though it is not considered the winner's race, many experts consider the Preakness Stakes to be the most important race of the year for 2-year-olds. This fact is evidenced by the large field of candidates every year trying to unseat the derby winner. Similarly, although not as prestigious as the Derby or the Oaks, the Fawcett Cup is another important race for 3-year-olds. This race was first held in 1872 and has been run annually ever since then. The only exception was in 1945 when there was no third race because of World War II. Even though these other races do not have the same prestige as the Derby or the Oaks, many top horses try to win them too.
The event is held at Epsom Downs racetrack. Colts weigh 9st, while fillies weigh 8st 11lb. Ages: The Derby is solely available to three-year-olds. It is held every year in June. The oldest horse race in England it was first held in 1780 and named after the Duke of Derby. It can only be run by horses born in Britain or Ireland.
The winner will receive £200,000 ($300,000).
The race is open to horses aged three years old and over. In other words, they must have reached their fourth birthday by 31 March in that year. There is also a condition called "blazing speed" which means that if a horse does not finish in the required time it will not be awarded a place. The fastest recorded mile rate by a Derby winning horse was by Nativeberie in 1945 who went round in 2m 49s. This does not count down racecourse because the track is flat.
Prior to the creation of British racing's top grade in 1898, there were several other important races for three-year-olds. These included the Middleton Stakes (now known as the Chesterfield Stakes), the Great Foalster Stakes (now the Greenham Stakes), and the Doncaster Stakes.