Any infraction will result in a distance penalty, which cannot be waived. There is no loss of distance if there is a double foul. The captain's option selection cannot be revoked. Penalty judgments must be made before either side may be awarded a charged time-out.
37.2.1 The offender will be charged with a disqualifying foul. 37.2.2 If the offender is disqualified under the relevant provisions of these rules, he must go to and remain in his team's dressing room for the duration of the game, or he may leave the premises. 37.2.3 A free throw (or free throws) must be awarded.
According to the NBA rule book, a player is only permitted one technical foul throughout a game. If the player receives another technical foul, he will be expelled from the game and will be forced to leave the court because he now has two technical fouls. The player is not permitted to sit on the bench or watch from the spectator section. (b.)
6.64 The team captain is charged with a technical foul against a spectator or coach. Any two players, coaches, or spectators dismissed from a game will result in the offending team's automatic forfeiture of the game. If the forfeiting team was ahead or tied entering the violation, then it gets a chance to regain its lead or tie status.
Physical contact is used in fighting fouls and/or taunting. Any player, coach, trainer, or other team bench member may be penalized a maximum of two technical fouls for unsportsmanlike behavior. Any of these offenders may be expelled for doing only one unsportsmanlike conduct, and they must be ejected if they commit two.
If a team is assessed a technical foul after a personal foul on the same team, the free throw attempt for the technical foul is given first. Whether or whether the free throw attempt was successful, the ball is awarded to the side in control at the time the technical foul was called.
Whether or whether the free throw attempt was successful, the ball is awarded to the side in control at the time the technical foul was called. Play will be restarted with a throw-in at the area where it was paused. Section I of Rule 12A and Section III of Rule 12A.
This regulation applies whether the game is in progress or the ball has been dropped. If a fighting foul happens while a team is in control of the ball, that team will keep possession on the sideline closest to where the play was halted, but no closer to the baseline than the free throw line extended.
In the NBA, two disqualifying fouls are equivalent to two technical fouls or one flagrant 2. (unnecessary and excessive contact). Bench players and personnel are vulnerable to accruing technical fouls for the team. The coaching staff may also be ejected from the game. Fines may also be imposed on ejected staff. In addition, a player can be disqualified from that quarter if he commits a second foul in that quarter.
In the NFL, two personal fouls by any player result in automatic ejection from the game. A third foul results in further disciplinary action, which may include suspension. A coach of an ejected player can be penalized as well.
In the NCAA, two unsportsmanlike conduct penalties will result in expulsion from the game. Three or more result in permanent expulsion from the university.
In international football, two cautions or warnings commit an athlete. Three cautions result in expulsion from the match.
In rugby, two yellow cards or penalties. Three red cards or penalty shots result in exclusion from further play.
In American football, two unsportsmanlike conduct penalties will result in expulsion from the game.
Away-from-the-play fouls, as described in Rule 4, Section III (h) on page 18, are handled as follows: A personal foul and a team foul will be issued, as well as one free throw attempt. At the time of the personal foul, any player in the game may try a free throw. The fouled player is given the opportunity before the first break to come to the free-throw line or have a teammate take his place. If he does not, then he must leave the court for the remainder of the period without substitutions.
An example of an away from-play foul would be if a player is grabbed with both hands by another player while he is in the act of shooting a free throw. In this case, a personal foul and a team foul would be issued along with one free throw attempt. If the shot is missed, the player has the option of leaving the court or having a teammate replace him. He cannot remain on the court in any other manner except by the intervention of a referee or official.
If a player is held down in the penalty box for more than five seconds, it is a violation called a flagrant foul. In this case, a technical foul also is issued along with two free throw attempts. If the player makes both free throws, no further action is taken against him. If he misses either free throw, he must leave the court for the rest of the period without substitution.