#1 Chess players are more intelligent. And, while it has been demonstrated that chess can boost IQ slightly, there are opposing studies that suggest that chess players ARE smarter – but only when it comes to chess. Knowledge obtained within the game may or may not be transferred outside of the game. It depends on the player.
#2 Yes and no. While some world-class players have been known as geniuses, others have been diagnosed with various forms of mental illness. At least three major world champions have been diagnosed with schizophrenia. However, many other people who have never become world-class players have also not had these problems.
#3 Geniuses don't necessarily need much sleep. Some great thinkers have been known to stay up all night playing chess or studying books about chess strategy. Other people who have never made it past club level might get by with five hours of sleep a night. It all depends on the person and their lifestyle choices.
Chess boosts your IQ. People who have a lot of chess experience have highly developed thinking abilities in two categories (along with memory skills): fluid intelligence. This is the ability to consider new types of issues and solve them through logic. Processing rate refers to the speed at which you can do this; it's how quickly you can come up with solutions to problems. Fluid intelligence is needed to be good at chess, but practice also improves your processing speed.
The brain mechanisms that allow us to understand and remember patterns are the same ones that are used to analyze chess positions. So chess training can help increase your IQ as well. And the more you play, the better you get at it.
Research shows that regular chess players have higher average IQ scores than non-players. It has been estimated that playing chess increases your IQ by about 15 points! That's more than most other activities we know about. Chess players have been shown to have better visual perception, problem solving skills, and abstract thought processes too.
It isn't just high-IQ people who benefit from chess playing. Anyone who wants to improve their reasoning skills can learn from the game. You will learn to think creatively, examine alternative moves, and evaluate different scenarios.
Chess, on the other hand, is an exceptionally healthy activity since it leads in higher brain function, increased memory and cognitive abilities, strategic thinking, and attention enhancement. The game itself is based on strategy, which is one of the main ingredients of successful leadership.
Playing chess improves your strategic thinking because it requires you to analyze what moves different opponents will make, consider the consequences of your actions, and then take appropriate action. This process is similar to that used by leaders when making business decisions or choosing how to approach problems during their daily work. Chess masters are thought to be able to analyze several possible moves simultaneously, while ordinary people can only think about one at a time.
In addition to being good for your mind, chess is also said to be good for your body. The complex maneuvers required by the game lead to physical exercise that can help keep you healthy. It has been suggested that players who do not move around much are likely to suffer from osteoporosis later in life, but there are other factors such as diet and lifestyle that may also play a role in this respect. Playing chess can also be very rewarding emotionally, which should not be understated. The thrill of victory and the pain of defeat are essential elements of any effective strategy, and chess allows you to experience them both repeatedly throughout the course of a single game.
Many chess players of all levels have IQs of well over 100. Garry Kasparov and Magnus Carlsen, two of our best chess players in history, have IQs considerably above 140. It is not unusual for top-level players to estimate their own IQ at 150 or more. However many low-level players have IQs below 80, so the average player has a value around 100. Many world-class players have been known to say that they feel "IQ-less intelligent" during games.
The most famous example of a player with a high IQ but unclear thinking skills is Bobby Fisher (1928-83). A world-class player for most of his life, he was considered by some to be the greatest chess player of all time. He had several highly publicized matches against IBM's computer Deep Thought, which many consider to be the strongest chess machine ever built. In all these contests, Fisher failed to capitalize on his chances, often making careless errors that were easily defended by Deep Thought. He was also defeated by Soviet master Yuri Balashov in an exhibition match in Moscow in 1978.
Fisher invented several ideas now used in modern chess play, such as the opening called the Fischer Random by its advocates and the use of the Sicilian defense against 1.. e5.
Chess, according to scientists, may boost your mental age by up to 14 years.
Playing chess has many benefits for your mind including improving your memory, logic skills, planning ability, decision-making skills, and creativity. The game requires you to think ahead, consider multiple possibilities, and make choices based on knowledge of what will happen if you do things one way or another. This is exactly what brains are designed to do. Brains need exercise to remain healthy. The more you play, the better you get at it, the more interested you become in the game, the more likely it is that your brain will benefit from all this exercise.
In addition to being good for your brain, chess is also good for your body. Playing the game requires use of many muscles in your arms and legs which helps keep them strong and healthy. It also works various parts of your brain, reducing your risk of developing dementia as you get older. A study conducted at UCLA showed that women who played chess for three hours a week for six months improved their memory performance by more than those who did strength training alone. Women who played video games for the same amount of time didn't show any improvement in memory performance.
Finally, chess is fun.