Soccer referees hold their whistles in their hands rather than in their mouths. U.S. Soccer advises referees to begin play with a whistle following substitutes since "verbal cues are insufficient and should not be utilized alone." This is extremely helpful for a novice referee. A more experienced official might rely solely on visual signals.
The use of whistles in soccer goes back at least as far as the early years of the game. In fact, the first written reference to them appears in an English law court case from 1849. The judges were discussing whether a ball that had been kicked across the courtroom floor could be used in further play. One of the lawyers mentioned that the players would have known where to go with the ball because they would have heard it whistle as they ran.
Today's soccer balls are designed to make noise when hit hard or flown through the air. These sounds are meant to give defenders warning of an impending attack and allow goalkeepers to know when the ball is about to be delivered.
Since the 1960s, whistles have been made mandatory equipment for all soccer players and coaches. This is because some countries, such as Germany, require them by law for men's games. Other countries, such as England and Mexico, allow coaches to decide whether to use them. However, most officials prefer to use them themselves since this gives the game a clear start and end point.
The whistle may be used to halt, start, or resume play at times, but it should not be used for all stoppages, starts, or restarts. The FIFA Laws of the Game document provides instructions on when to use and when not to use the whistle.
In addition to these laws, coaches and players have certain common-sense guidelines that they follow without using the whistle. For example, if there is any chance of injury to a player, the coach will tell him/her to leave the field of play. Also, if there is any chance of a foul being committed, the coach will tell the player to stop jumping or to retreat into a protective position such as the center circle. Finally, if there is any chance of a confrontation arising from a dispute over a ball possession, then the coach should use his/her whistle to avoid having to break up the game physically.
These are just some examples of how coaches and players use their common sense together with the knowledge of the rules to control the flow of a game.
A whistle that is used excessively will have less impact when it is needed. When a discretionary whistle is required to begin play, the referee shall make it plain to the players that the restart may not take place until after that signal. When Will the Next Goal Be Scored Following the Horn? If there is no goal scored during regular playing time due to weather or any other reason, further play will be allowed at the discretion of the referee. If more than 10 minutes remain before the end of the first half, the referee may allow play to continue without a break unless he decides that such play is dangerous. He can also declare the game abandoned if it appears likely that one team is going to win by too many goals.
In soccer, it is common for teams to use their horns to indicate changes in direction of play or the need for free kicks. The opposing team will usually acknowledge this with a long blast on their own horn. It is important for referees to understand that although a team may appear to be ignoring their calls, they are actually doing so to show disrespect. Referees should never feel compelled to blow their whistle in response to a loud horn; however, they should always respond to any sign of trouble. Teams should be aware that if they are not paying attention to the match then their opponents may assume they are injured and prepare themselves accordingly.
The principle of whistling is not governed by any rules. Team managers and captains do it all the time to communicate with their players in between games. As a result, the voice is not powerful enough (because to weariness throughout the game) to reach a player at the far end, therefore players whistle!
In fact, students at Yale University have been doing it for years. The practice began when the first football games were being played in America, around 1872. It was found that some of the players could not be reached by shouting, so they started using flags to signal possession of the ball. This led to the now familiar sound of whistles on most American football fields.
According to an article in Sports Illustrated, about 1,000 yards of string are needed to stretch from the Yale campus to its football stadium. The article also states that "during a game some students use up to 20,000 whistles."
However, this practice is not recommended because it can be dangerous. A student's brain is very sensitive to noise, and too many whistles can cause hearing problems for him/her. Also, students should never be used as human signals because this is against university policy.
Overall, whistling is a traditional method used by players to communicate with each other during a game. However, it can be harmful if used excessively or incorrectly. Therefore, students should only use whistles under their control.
The referee blows his whistle to start the game, to stop or delay play due to a foul or injury, and to conclude each half. 2. Chronometer To keep track of the game time, referees must have at least one timepiece—a wrist watch and a stopwatch. The wrist watch is used to record the starting time of the game. It should be easy to read from a distance, and it should not be so small that it is difficult to see clearly. Some watches have an alarm function; this is useful if you want to wake up for a flight or early appointment.
The second hand on the watch should be visible, so that the referee can check the time without looking at his or her watch. Some referees wear their watches on the left arm, so that they are not in the way while they are performing their duties. Other officials prefer to wear theirs on the right arm for ease of access in case they need to stop or start the clock for some reason. Still others choose to wear their watches around their necks, using a chain or rope as a support. Whatever method you choose, make sure it is comfortable and allows you to move your arms freely without hindering your view of the field.
There are several types of watches that are suitable for use by referees at all levels of competition. For example, there are sports watches designed specifically for athletes.