A softball field is made up of a pitching rubber, four bases (three bases plus home plate), an infield, and an outfield. Each fielder need a bat, a softball, and softball gloves. A pitching rubber and four bases are also required. The rest you can make or buy.
Bases used in baseball and softball are called stumps. They are the three points at which a batter may stand to hit a ball. At the start of each inning, new balls are placed in play at the top of the batting circle, behind the pitcher's mound. If a batted ball is not caught by a player, it is awarded to the first baseman.
The most common types of hits on a baseball field are singles, doubles, and triples. A single is scored when a ball is put into play but not if it bounces over the fence for a home run. A double includes any ball that goes over the fence without being touched by a player. A triple is scored when a ball is hit hard enough to go over the fence but not if it bounces over the fence.
During a game, a player is said to be on base when he has reached one of the stumps while the ball is in play. If a runner moves more than half-way around the base, then he is out.
A softball pitch is divided into two sections: the infield and outfield. The first, second, and third bases are encircled by a curving region that constitutes the infield, together with the square space within the four bases. The area between these lines is called the outfield.
The dimensions of the softball field are determined by law in most states. The minimum size of a baseball field is 160 feet from home plate to the nearest base. The minimum size for a softball field is 300 feet from home plate to the nearest base. In addition, each team must have an area equal to at least 30% of the total playing surface away from its own dugout where batters can reach base safely. This is known as the "batter's box" or "hot corner".
In most leagues, the ball weighs between 15 and 20 ounces (0.4-0.5 kg). There are several different sizes of balls used in softball. The larger the ball, the more air it contains, which makes it harder to hit and run with. Also, the larger the ball, the more difficult it is to control on pitches outside of the strike zone. Balls vary in size from 14 to 19 inches in diameter.
Catcher and pitcher The pitcher and catcher comprise the softball battery. Infielders A softball defense consists of four infielders. Outfielders Softball's conventional outfielders play left field, center field, and right field. Additional Fielder In softball, the extra fielder usually plays in the outfield. He or she may also be used as a substitute first baseman or third baseman if more players are injured or suspended.
The pitcher throws and releases the ball from a seated position with his or her back to the batter. The catcher receives and controls the ball with both hands while he or she is in contact with his or her body. During a pitch, the catcher can use his or her entire body to block balls off the plate or reach out for hit balls. Catchers are expected to wear a protective cup when they play. Pitchers often have strong arms and strong legs from throwing the ball regularly.
They also need good hand-eye coordination and judgment to know when to throw pitches and when not to. Although some hitters may get more attention from coaches/managers because they "make things happen", it is important to remember that all pitchers are capable of giving up home runs. It takes skill to keep them from happening. Also, some pitchers have special moves they can use to confuse hitters. For example, an overhand pitcher might drop his or her elbow to create a wider angle on the ball, which could help him or her escape trouble with the strike zone.